The Republic of Ireland’s population has surpassed 5 million for the first time since the year 1851 when the population was 5.11 million.
These figures come from the Central Statistics Office (CSO), which revealed that the population was 5.01 million last April, which is a slight increase from 4.97 million the year before.
According to the CSO, the growth resulted from a combination of natural increase and positive net migration.
The excess of births from April 2020 to 2021 was 22,800, which is the lowest level of natural increase since the 2000 population estimates.
The number of immigrants who entered the state during the 12-month period was 65,200, down 24% from the previous year, while the number of emigrants had slightly decreased.
Immigration and emigration were both expected to fall as a result of the pandemic.
The figures also revealed that Irish nationals accounted for 30,200 (46%) of the 65,200 immigrants who entered the state, which is the highest number of nationals returning to the state since 2007.
The figures also show that as of April this year, there was 645,500 non-Irish nationals resident in the Republic, accounting for 12.9% of the population.
The largest level of inward and outward migration came from the UK.
Approximately 18,200 people left the state to live in the UK over the 12-month period which is up 10,000 from the previous year, while 19,100 moved to the state from the UK which is up 15,300 from the previous year.